One of the most used body parts is teeth and as it’s white in color, we often get teeth stains and if not removed or cleaned properly, tooth discoloration can be the result as well. There can be various reasons behind the teeth stains. One of the major causes of teeth stains is obviously the food we eat or the drinks we consume. Other reasons can be poor oral hygiene and one of the rare causes of teeth stains is your medication.
There are different types of teeth stains that may appear on your teeth like white spots on teeth, black spots on the tooth, brown stains on teeth or even the coffee stains on teeth. Most of the teeth stains are like topical stains only i.e. on the outer surface only. But in some case, these stains can occur under the outer layer i.e. below the enamel.
Different Kinds of Tooth Discoloration
Most of the times we take teeth stains and tooth discoloration in the same meaning but actually, these are two different terms. As we told earlier, tooth discoloration is the next stage after teeth stains. If we take no action when teeth stains occur, this may result in the form of tooth discoloration. Sometimes the tooth discoloration may occur because of the changes in the structure and composition of our teeth. It is rare but it may happen and this type of tooth discoloration is often hard to treat.
To a layman, tooth discoloration is just the tooth discoloration but dentists categorize this phenomenon into three different types:
1- Extrinsic Teeth Stains
Stains which are just on the outer most surface of the teeth i.e. on the enamel are termed as extrinsic teeth stains. Extrinsic teeth stains are majorly caused by the remains of food and drinks on our teeth. These residue food and drink particles create a layer and cover the teeth’s outer layer. If left uncleaned for a day or two, this layer can turn into black spots on tooth or brown stains on teeth.
If you are consuming tobacco, cola drinks or the beverages containing caffeine then your teeth are more prone to teeth stains. To avoid teeth stains you must brush your teeth twice a day every day.
2- Intrinsic Teeth Stains
Intrinsic teeth stains are a little hard to remove. Unlike extrinsic teeth stains, simply brushing your teeth will not be enough to remove intrinsic teeth stains because these are not on the outer surface or enamel layer. Intrinsic teeth stains are under or below the enamel.
The outer layer of your teeth is a thin layer and that’s the layer which gives your teeth the bright and shiny feature. This layer is thin and sensitive and can be damaged easily if any harsh chemical is used or if it is not cleaned properly. Children often destroy this layer by using extra toothpaste which is the habit of most of the children. They love to eat toothpaste because it is sweet but the fluoride in the toothpaste can damage this outer surface of the teeth and then the stains can easily reach below the enamel.
If you are intrinsic teeth stains, you will have to consult your dentist so that he may remove these teeth stains by bleaching or he may recommend you some teeth whitening product to be used at home.
3- Aged Discoloration and Teeth Stains
With the age, the enamel layer gets thinner and weaker and hence your teeth become prone to teeth stains. You might be surprised to know that the actual color of your teeth is yellow. It’s just the enamel which makes them shiny bright and white. Once with the age, when the enamel gets thinner or is removed completely, the actual yellow layer of teeth is exposed which is rough as well. It can easily get stains. Discoloration of teeth due to age cannot be avoided but it can be delayed if we take proper care of our teeth and brush them daily at least twice.
How to Remove Teeth Stains?
If you got teeth stains, intrinsic or extrinsic, you have various options to get rid of the stains. There are lots of treatments available. Some of the treatments you can try at home and if you want your teeth stains to be removed properly and professionally, you can consult with some professional or dentist for the service.
There are certain tips and pieces of advice by which you can avoid the appearance of teeth stains:
• Maintain proper oral health.
• Daily brush your teeth at least twice.
• Don’t forget to floss daily.
• Do visit the dentist at least once in six months.
• Keep the consumption of stain-causing foods and drink to a minimum.
If you will act upon the advice we just mentioned, you may not ever face the problem of tooth discoloration or even intrinsic teeth stains. But if the problem occurs, you have plenty of treatment options available these days. You can easily find teeth whitening products in the market which are effective as well. Get some best teeth whitening product from the mart and start using that to get back the shiny bright and white teeth.
Teeth whitening toothpaste is available in the market and the cost is not so high. You can replace your regular toothpaste with the special teeth whitening toothpaste if you are observing the tooth discoloration. Apart from the toothpaste, there is plenty of mouthwash and teeth stain remover available which are also the tooth whitening tonic. Just floss or swish with these mouthwashes and you will get instantly white and bright teeth.
For aged-discoloration of teeth, you must consult your dentists because he can guide you on how to get back shiny bright smile by getting back the white teeth. Apart from the teeth whitening toothpaste and mouthwash, you can try some natural home remedies for teeth stains and teeth whitening. We have discussed in details these home remedies for teeth whitening in one of our previous posts. You can read that post if you want to get shiny bright and white teeth naturally at home.